Smooth coated otter is categorized as ‘Vulnerable’ (IUCN, 2015) and listed in Appendix II of CITES. The objective of the study is to map the distribution and habitat of smooth coated otter in south Gujarat, along the major riverine stretches and the associated water bodies. Around four adult Otters were directly sighted from one of the water body near Kanthiajal, Bharuch district in March 2018. The locals informed that the ponds are used for breeding purpose while the main population of Otter resides in the Tapti River. Further, studies is being carried out to ascertain the movement of the Otters in the region for breeding and feeding purposes.
Population of leopard (Panthera pardus) has doubled in Gujarat State during last two decades and posing a new challenge for co-existence of human and wildlife. The present study was undertaken by collating and analyzing the secondary information shared by the Forest department, Surat Division. The study revealed that the leopard used the river and riverine systems as corridors for their movement. Most of the cattle degradation cases were reported in the areas close to the riverine systems. The apt hiding place and the habitat of the riverine forests encouraged the animals to use the same.
The small project is sponsored by Gujarat Forest Research Institute, Gandhinagar. Agro-forestry provides an opportunity to improve rural economy and environment. This project will interact with the farmers to know about agro-forestry and its impact on socio-economic and ecology through group discussion and questionnaires.
Gujarat Biodiversity Board (GBB), Gandhinagar, under the provisions of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, has given work to prepare Peoples Biodiversity Register (PBRs) and constitute Biodiversity Monitoring Committees (BMCs) for 10 villages of Vadodara District. This involved documentation of village environment and floral/faunal diversity and training of villagers locals on various aspects of Biodiversity act and maintenance of PBR.