Occurrence of Smooth-coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) in Gujarat

Smooth coated otter is categorized as ‘Vulnerable’ (IUCN, 2015) and listed in Appendix II of CITES. The objective of the study is to map the distribution and habitat of smooth coated otter in south Gujarat, along the major riverine stretches and the associated water bodies. Around four adult Otters were directly sighted from one of the water body near Kanthiajal, Bharuch district in March 2018. The locals informed that the ponds are used for breeding purpose while the main population of Otter resides in the Tapti River. Further, studies is being carried out to ascertain the movement of the Otters in the region for breeding and feeding purposes.

Human leopard conflict in Surat Forest Division

Population of leopard (Panthera pardus) has doubled in Gujarat State during last two decades and posing a new challenge for co-existence of human and wildlife. The present study was undertaken by collating and analyzing the secondary information shared by the Forest department, Surat Division. The study revealed that the leopard used the river and riverine systems as corridors for their movement. Most of the cattle degradation cases were reported in the areas close to the riverine systems. The apt hiding place and the habitat of the riverine forests encouraged the animals to use the same.

Socio-economic and ecological impact of agro-forestry in Nadiad and Anand districts

The small project is sponsored by Gujarat Forest Research Institute, Gandhinagar. Agro-forestry provides an opportunity to improve rural economy and environment. This project will interact with the farmers to know about agro-forestry and its impact on socio-economic and ecology through group discussion and questionnaires.

Biodiversity Assessment and Development of Biodiversity Management Plan for mining sites in Chhattisgarh area

A Project sponsored by BALCO, Korba. The major aspects of the project include documentation of floral and faunal diversity, assessing status of natural habitats like forests and wetlands and preparation of biodiversity conservation plan.

Formation of BMC and PBR preparation for wetland ecosystem

In addition a separate project sponsored by Gujarat State Biodiversity Board for wetland ecosystem under UNEP GEF project for formation of BMCs in 15 villages and PBRs for 7 villages. The projects aimed to find out possibility ABS mechanism for these villages for wetland ecosystem.

Creation of Biodiversity Management Committee and preparation of PBR in 25 villages of Vadodara district

The project aimed to create Biodiversity Management Committee (BMCs) in 25 Gram Panchayats, and provide technical support to prepare People's Biodiversity Register (PBR) for these BMCs. This project was sponsored by Gujarat Biodiversity Board, Gandhinagar. Documentation of agro-biodiversity, domesticated biodiversity, wild biodiversity and aquatic biodiversity was completed under this project.

Constitution of BMCs and helping in the preparation of PBRs to the BMCs in 10 villages of Vadodara District

Gujarat Biodiversity Board (GBB), Gandhinagar, under the provisions of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, has given work to prepare Peoples Biodiversity Register (PBRs) and constitute Biodiversity Monitoring Committees (BMCs) for 10 villages of Vadodara District. This involved documentation of village environment and floral/faunal diversity and training of villagers locals on various aspects of Biodiversity act and maintenance of PBR.

Status survey of threatened Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarious) around Ranns of Kachchh

Status survey of threatened Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarious) around Ranns of Kachchh, The project sponsored by Royal Society for Protection of Birds (RSPB), UK for the survey of the areas where this critically endangered and migratory species. In 2007 this birds was located by GES at three places in the Gujarat and its habitat, threats and associated floral - faunal species were also studied.

Evaluation and Analysis of Experiments taken up on Eucalyptus and Teak in Godhra and Dangs ranges as well as to study gregarious flowering of Bamboo in Dangs

Evaluation and Analysis of Experiments taken up on Eucalyptus and Teak in Godhra and Dangs ranges as well as to study gregarious flowering of Bamboo in Dangs. Seed plots in Dangs and Godhra ranges were visited to analyse morphological characters of the plants, seed production and Candidate Plus teak (CPT). Suggestions were given for the better seed production. Vansda National Park, Waghai Botanical Garden and Mahal area of the Dangs were surveyed for best Candidate Plus Clumps (CPC) of Bamboos. 100% bamboo flowering was observed in the Dangs forest range.

Distribution and status of certain rare species of small mammals in the central Gujarat

Society has taken up a project to find out occurrence, distribution and status of certain rare species of small mammals in the central Gujarat region. The main objectives is to find occurrence, distribution and status of certain, rare mammalian species including Flying squirrel, rusty spotted cat, pangolin, Desert fox, Ratel, Civet Cat and Desert Cat. Find habitat preferences and suggest management strategies for them.

Regulating bio-invasion in Banni grasslands in Kachchh

Funded by the Small Grants Programme of Global Environment Facility, this study aimed at quantifying the impact of invasion by Prosopis juliflora (Gando Baval), a thorny shrub, on the habitat as well as the species and suggested mechanisms to control it. Working with the local people and NGOs, was an integral part of the study.

Conservation of Rare and Endangered Biodiversity of Gujarat

This four-year project was taken up with the support of Gujarat Ecology Commission for conservation of rare and endangered species to save them from extinction. Assessing the current status, preparation of conservation and management strategies and demonstrative implementation of some of the conservation strategies evolved, are the significant milestones of the project. Information inter aila on distribution, habitat, status and threats were collected and more than 80% of the threatened species were sighted/located. The major findings of the study are presented in the form of a baseline information, a pictorial booklet and a comprehensive report.

Biodiversity Conservation Action Plan

The World Bank sponsored project aimed to develop strategies and action plan based on the problems related to biodiversity conservation in Gujarat. Biodiversity and the related issues were comprehensively studied for species, ecosystems, protected areas, human-wildlife conflicts, indigenous knowledge and institutional strengths. While analyzing each problem on spatial and temporal scale, emphasis was laid on the factual picture of the State. Strategies were developed based on discussion with various stakeholders and included suggestions for policy change, strengthening institutions and effective actions.